高中英语完形填充知识点英文

时光:2021-10-22 16:15:16 英语知识 我要投稿
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高中英语完形填充知识点英文

  知识点英文小结

  做完形填充题是根据整套语篇的理解,要求学生图片掌握相当数目的词汇,句型,词组和特定的阅读理解能力和词语 陪衬能力,综合施用语言知识的能力。有鉴于此完形填充题也是阅读题,是一种难度较大的题型。是对应届测试生留学法国阅读理解和语言综合施用能力的自考。

  完形填充的题型特色

  1,填充类型剖解

  完形填充题的词项有两大类:文言实词和初中文言文虚词。文言实词指:动词,形容词有哪些,代词和动词; 初中文言文虚词指:介词及介词短语。连词的用法和冠词。还有一种划分是把完形填充题分成语义和动能两大类,如果该题型要求应届测试生留学法国填入文言实词,这种填充题为语义类;如果该题型要 求应届测试生留学法国填入初中文言文虚词,这种填充题为功能类。

  2,短文长短腿剖解

  从短文的长短腿来看,近10年测试中,每张短文平均为221个单词查询。

  3,间隔擘画剖解

  完形填充题的`难易有赖于两个的英文因素:1)所取的短文本身所含的生词量,句子何事是结构,句子长短腿,文化展馆背景墙制作等; 2)空格之间的长短腿,空格与空格之间的长短腿越长,填充难度就越小,长短腿越小难度就越大。

  4,成分与何事是结构剖解

  从完形填充所填入的句子成分来看,以补语,定语,兼语,状语居多。还有兼语。以及非补语动词,习气陪衬,介词短语和各族句型等。从何事是结构上剖解,完形填充所提供的四个选项,如果单从本句的何事是结构来看,四个选项都优秀填入空 格,但从意义英文上看单单一个答案。

  通常考法

  吾侪做完形填充题的最后一道保温隔墙板制作工序说是“复读问责条例全文 验证答案”。 一站到底题库大全做完从此,吾侪要把‘完形’后的问责条例全文再读一遍,看看是否‘完义’。还要从语法上看句子是否主谓一色,特别要注意非补语动词是否与主语一色。时态是否前后呼应,悔过书主谓短语陪衬,形容词有哪些,名词与介词的陪衬是否合理合法,如果发觉两学一做问题清单,则要凭依文章的桌酷主题思想。本段和问责条例全文的上下文是何事意思与逻辑思维罗振宇证明书。重新选择选项;如果个别选项真格没 有把握,那就凭依感性猜一个,但无从放弃。吾侪要从完形和完义。语法和语义等方面的英文进行推敲。修正错误。亡羊补牢高中数学知识疏漏,从而使自己的答案尽量地体贴入微或 落到完美。

  误区提醒

  Many people find that regular physical activity gives them an unexpected benefit. They sleep better and wake up feeling more 61(refreshed) , in part due to increased amounts of deep sleep. Deep sleep may play a role in the body restoring itself 62(physically) , as opposed to REM(rapid eye movement) or dreaming sleep. Researchers have found that physical exercise, especially 63(done) in the afternoon or early evening, produces more 64(deep sleep) early in the night. 65(Exercise)can also help you get a better night’s sleep in a number of indirect ways. The relaxation and tiredness 66(caused) by exercise can improve sleep.

  Exercise encourages weight loss and also may 67(relieve) depression. Exercising later in the day can also help delay the 68(nighttime) drop in your body’s temperature. The 69(benefits) of exercise are especially important for older people, 70(since) exercise has been shown to increase the amount of sleep senior adults get in a night and reduce the time it takes to fall asleep. But be sure you finish exercising at least 4 hours before bedtime---working out later than that could leave you too excited to fall asleep easily.

  61. a. conscious b. peaceful c. effective d. refreshed

  62. a. physically b. mentally c. emotionally d. regularly

  63. a. made b. done c. functioned d. conducted

  64. a. night’s sleep b. dreaming sleep c. deep sleep d. REM

  65. a. Exercise b. Dreams c. Researchers d. Doctors

  66. a. recovered b. strengthened c. caused d. reduced

  67. a. increase b. relieve c. release d. arouse

  68. a. nighttime b. daytime c. dinnertime d. lifetime

  69. a. disadvantages b. benefits c. ways d. places

  70. a. yet b. if c. when d. since

  分析: 采风一下本篇短文。吾侪就理解这篇短文的桌酷主题句说是:Many people find that regular physical activity gives them an unexpected benefit. 所以吾侪就理解这篇文章是议论锻炼身体方面的英文的。下文的填充说是至于这一方面的英文的。吾侪在上文以莲为歌颂对象早已谈到“完形不可不服从完义,单句不可不服从段落,段落不可不服从全 文,局部不可不服从全力”的解题原则。在这一篇短文的第一段,吾侪从physical activity和in the body得到开导,62题应该填a. physically;从第二句和第三句的deep sleep得到开导,64题应填c. deep sleep; 62与64题的做法很典型地反映了“完形不可不服从完义”,“单句不可不服从段落”的原则。而61与63题则凭依“踌躇不前,寻找联络”的原则就优秀解出,一个人如果sleep better,那般醒过来就会备感refreshed, 吾侪do exercise而不是made, functioned,或conducted exercise。吾侪在做65题时,优秀从第一段和第三段得到开导,第一段提到两处‘physical activity’ 和‘physical exercise’, 而第三段有5处exercise或exercising, 安家第二段的意义英文,就不难看齐65题应填a. Exercise. 再看69题,从单句的语法上看。四个选项都优秀填进入,从单句的意义英文上看,benefits, ways, places三个不道德的女人选项都优秀填进入,但从问责条例全文来看,特别是文章第一句的‘regular physical activity gives them an unexpected benefit’。就单单b. benefits填进入才对,并且是绝无仅有的答案。65题和69题的做法反映了“完形不可不服从完义”,“段落不可不服从问责条例全文。局部不可不服从全力”的原则

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